Content: Brain-inspired computer vision

Topics include:

Computer Vision (for robotics, car imaging, industrial inspection, navigation maps, medcal):
- The differential structure of images (with multi-scale high order derivatives) 
- Interest points: invariant feature and landmark detection (SIFT, SURF)
- Shape-based reasoning for enhancement (vesselness)
- Multi-scale segmentation (watershed, edge focusing)
- Edge preserving smoothing (geometry-driven diffusion)
- Multi-orientation analysis (understanding contextual operators)
Computer-Aided Diagnosis (medical, microscopy):
- Automated breast tumor detection
- Automated colon polyp detection
- Automated microscopy sample analysis
- Automated retinal image analysis for large-scale screening (diabetes, glaucoma, AMD)
Visual Perception (computational modelng, modern brain research):
- In depth overview of modern insights in the human visual system, physiology
- Neuro-computational models of vision
- Modern brain imaging techniques (optical imaging, diffusion MRI, opto-genetics)
- Brain connectivity (Diffusion Tensor Imaging, tractography)

Some examples:

Multi-orientation analysis: Left: original noisy microscopy image with crossing collagen fibers. Right: enhanced image, crossings are now treated properly.

Edge preserving smoothing of a fingerpint image: coherence enhancement with adaptive blurring along the lines, not across. Note that the characteristic features are preserved.

For the clinical applications of CAD we focus on the automated analysis of retinal fundus images for the screening for diabetic retinopathy (e.g. vessel tracking with multi-orientation algorithms), and on analyzing, enhancing and visualizing the nerve fibers in the brain of the visual system.

 

Learn how to enhance complex and curved brain tracts:
Interactive brain tractography from Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI)
with vIST/e tractography visualization software (TU/e).
S.P.L. Meesters, A. Vilanova, P.P.W. Ossenblok, B.M. ter Haar Romeny 2013

Interactive brain tractography from Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI) with vIST/e tractography visualization software (TU/e).
The optic fibers are visualized, so the neurosurgeon can plan the safe resection in this epilepsy patient, without making him blind.